Promoting Excellence and Trust in the Nonprofit Sector

Remote Board Meetings in the Midst of COVID-19 and Beyond

The Center for Disease Control (CDC) has published interim guidance for businesses and employers to reduce the spread of COVID-19 by managing risks of potential exposure. One measure the CDC is recommending is social distancing (remaining out of congregate settings, avoiding mass gatherings, and maintaining distance from others when possible). However, nonprofit boards must continue to govern, and meetings may be even more critical for direct service providers during these difficult times.  The Standards for Excellence: An Ethics and Accountability Code for the Nonprofits Sector encourages each nonprofit board to meet  “as frequently as needed to fully and adequately conduct the business of the organization. At a minimum, the board should meet four (4) times a year.” For all of these reasons, it is important to ensure that your bylaws provide for remote meetings, and how your state law should guide and inform your bylaws.

To facilitate remote participation in Board meetings, the Standards for Excellence Institute’s Model Bylaws provide as follows:

  • Telephone and Electronic Participation: Directors may participate in Board meetings and vote on matters discussed therein, by means of a conference telephone or similar communications equipment by means of which all persons participating in such meeting can hear each other at the same time. Participation by such means shall constitute in person presence of the Director at the meeting. 
  • Action without Meeting:  Any action which may be properly taken by the Board assembled in a meeting may also be taken without a meeting, if unanimous consent in writing setting forth the action taken is signed by all of the Directors entitled to vote with respect to the action.  Such consent shall have the same force and effect as a vote of the Directors assembled and shall be filed with the minutes.

You will want to consult your state’s corporate or nonprofit law to ensure that you are acting in a manner that is consistent with the state’s regulations. 

State law may describe that meetings can take place via remote communication and may provide additional definitions about what constitutes a meeting.  In Maryland, the home of the Standards for Excellence Institute, telephone meetings are permitted as follows: “(1) Unless restricted by the charter or bylaws of the corporation, members of the board of directors or a committee of the board may participate in a meeting by means of a conference telephone or other communications equipment if all persons participating in the meeting can hear each other at the same time. (2) Participation in a meeting by these means constitutes presence in person at the meeting.” 

Essentially, as long as it is in keeping with your state law, your board can meet remotely using telephone conferencing or other technology (Skype, zoom, etc.), as long as everyone can speak and be heard simultaneously (as if meeting in person). Additionally, the board can act without meeting as long as the vote is unanimous and recorded in writing.


The Standards for Excellence educational resource packet, Board Member Responsibilities, contains a comprehensive set of model bylaws that can be modified and customized to meet the needs of nonprofits around the country. 

This educational resource packet and the full series of all packets  - including sample policies, tools and model procedures to help nonprofits achieve best practices in their governance and management - can be accessed by contacting a licensed Standards for Excellence replication partner, one of the over 150 Standards for Excellence Licensed Consultants, or by becoming a member of the Standards for Excellence Institute.

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About the Author: Paddy Morton

Padraic (“Paddy”) McSherry Morton has been providing legal services to Maryland Nonprofits’ members since 2002. Prior to her work with Maryland Nonprofits, Ms. Morton was an Associate with Whiteford, Taylor & Preston, LLP and Law Clerk to the Honorable William M. Nickerson of the United States District Court for the District of Maryland. As General Counsel, Ms. Morton provides startup services, advises on strategic partnerships including structural reorganization and corporate integration, negotiates critical contracts, and consults on governance and management strategies and implementation. Ms. Morton has served in a leadership capacity on numerous boards and community activities. Ms. Morton gained her law degree at the University of Maryland School of Law, J.D., 1991. She holds a B.A. in English and Philosophy from Georgetown University. She is a licensed consultant with the Standards for Excellence® Institute.